What would health care look like under Governor Grover Norquist? In Texas, we already know.
For chapters now, we have detailed how Norquist’s philosophy has touched every Texan. Norquist is the one who famously said, “[m]y goal is to cut government in half in twenty five years, to get it down to the size where we can drown it in the bathtub.” Far too many Texans—who desperately need quality health care—are now in Grover’s tub.
In 2003, Governor Rick Perry intentionally kicked 230,000 Texas children out of the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) and another 500,000 out of Medicaid. Then, he went to the Bahamas with Grover Norquist to brag about it. Rather than cover eligible children through CHIP, Gov. Perry sent a total of $958 million back to the federal government.
CHIP is funded by a combination of state and federal dollars. Unlike Medicaid where the costs are more equally divided, the federal government pays for the majority of CHIP. In fact, for every total $1 spent on CHIP, the federal government pays 72 cents while the state pays the remaining 28 cents.
So, instead of using the nearly $1 billion that the federal government set aside for Texans to expand CHIP to cover as many Texas children as possible, Gov. Perry sent your taxpayer dollars back to the federal government so that other states like Illinois could cover all of their children.
The consequences of Norquist’s philosophy aren’t limited to children. The ranks of uninsured workers include Texans like Katonya Price, 26, who suffers from severe allergies but can’t afford the health insurance premiums at the building supply company where she works. So, she constantly cleans and dusts her Houston home hoping to control the germs and allergens. There’s also David Grose, a welder with cancer who traveled by bus 300 miles to one of the nation’s premier treatment centers, only to be turned away because he didn’t have insurance. These workers simply earn too little to buy private health insurance, but too much to qualify for public health insurance. In fact, in Texas, public health insurance is virtually non-existent for working-age adults. Only extremely poor working parents who earn less than $4,824 a year can qualify for Medicaid.
By any measure, Texas is now "the ground zero of health care in America.” In 2005, the Texas Comptroller studied coverage in every Texas city and reported that not a single Texas city met the national average in citizens covered with insurance—not Austin, not Dallas, not Houston. Moreover, Texas has 1.5 million uninsured children, more than any other state in percentage and total number. In Houston alone, Mayor Bill White estimates that 1.1 million Houston residents have no health insurance at all. In the U.S., one in six uninsured children live in Texas.
Today, even Texans with insurance can’t afford the bill. Almost half of all bankruptcies filed in America today are the result of medical debt. What’s surprising is that most of these bankruptcies are filed by those who had health insurance but were “underinsured.” In fact, a recent study released by the Center for Studying Health System Change estimates that 89 percent of Americans who are having problems paying their medical bills million are insured — about 43 million Americans.
Norquist’s philosophy is the policy foundation for statewide elected officials like U.S. Senator John Cornyn. Despite the fact that Texas has led the country for years as the state with largest uninsured population, Senator Cornyn stated, “[w]e have created greater access to quality health care in Texas… [s]o, you have to understand what I mean when I say I want to make Washington, D.C., and the rest of our country more like Texas [because], frankly, we know the policies that actually work.”
In Texas, 3 to 5 percent of Medicaid dollars are spent on overhead while the rest is used to deliver direct health care. Similarly, administrative expenses only account for 3 percent of all Medicare dollars spent by the federal government. In striking contrast, 31.0 percent of all health care expenditures in the United States in 2003 were attributable to administrative costs. Given the low administrative costs associated with public programs, including Medicare and Medicaid, the data shows that private insurers spend in the range of 25 to 29 percent on administrative costs, which include denial management. In other words, insurance companies hire more and more people to deny the claim that the hospital or doctor sends, who then send it to you.
What’s more, from 2000 to 2007, Texas families saw their health insurance premiums soar 86.8 percent—nearly six times more than their median earnings increased. And this situation will only get worse, with rates projected to increase another 7.3 percent in 2009.
Why does every other industrialized democracy in the world have universal health care? To keep overhead low, provide quality access at considerably lower cost, and put dollars into direct care rather than the pockets of insurance companies. The crux of the problem here is that current leaders are captive to the interests of the insurance industry.
In much of the U.S., Americans do not see this as an insurance issue—they see it as a human issue. Recent surveys indicate 82 percent of Americans believe “access to quality health care is a right, not a privilege.” Moreover, a Pew Research Center poll from 2008 showed that 63 percent “a government guarantee of universal health insurance, even if it means raising taxes.”
The U.S. spends far more money per capita on health care than any other developed country—about 15 percent of our Gross Domestic Product in 2004. Despite these enormous expenditures, the U.S. ranks far worse in terms of infant mortality, cancer mortality, and heart disease mortality; Japan, Sweden, France, Germany, Italy, Denmark, Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom all fare much better. In fact, our infant mortality rate is about that of Croatia and Estonia.
What does this mean for Texans?
According to a 2008 Families USA study based on U.S. Census Bureau data, approximately 2,700 uninsured Texans of working age died because they didn’t seek medical care. In other words, seven Texans a day died last year due to lack of health care. Further, health care costs add as much as $1500 to the price of an American-made vehicle over and above costs on cars built in other countries. And here at home, more than a third of the children have no health insurance at all—making El Paso the least insured major city in America.
Failed leadership on Texas health care is increasingly shifting health care costs to local taxpayers at county hospitals and clinics at the highest possible emergency room rates. In Dallas, Parkland Hospital provided $512 million in uncompensated care last year. In Houston, the Harris County Hospital District spent about $436 million.
Why is Texas so far behind when it comes to providing basic health care to more citizens?
Because nowhere in America has basic hostility to responsible governance become so engrained and been so costly to working families. During the 81st Session of the Texas Legislature, Rick Perry stated that he would veto a bill to expand CHIP.
Recently John Goodman, President of the Dallas-based National Center for Policy Analysis and a top health care advisor to Republican Presidential Nominee John McCain and nearly every statewide Texas leader, recently reiterated this sentiment and offered this ‘solution:’
“The next president of the United States should sign an executive order requiring the Census Bureau to cease and desist from describing any American—even illegal aliens—as uninsured. Instead, the bureau should categorize people according to the likely source of payment should they need care. So, there you have it. Voila! Problem solved.”
Voila! Just another day of Government by Grover.